Dyslexia ranges from mild to moderate or severe to profound and no two people with dyslexia are the same. The severity and co-morbidities (ADHD) can vary.
If you have three or more warning signs, it could be Dyslexia! If your child has trouble in the early levels of school, get help immediately!
Do not wait to see if your child will grow out of it.
- Delayed speech
- Mixing up the sounds & syllables in words
- Chronic ear infections
- Severe reactions to childhood illnesses (colds, flu, etc.)
- Trouble memorizing their address, phone number, or the alphabet
- Constant confusion of left versus right
- Late establishing a dominant hand
- Prefers velcro shoes due to difficulty learning to tie shoes
- Cannot create words that rhyme
- A close relative with dyslexia
- Dysgraphia (slow, non-automatic handwriting that is difficult to read)
- Letter and/or number reversals continuing past the end of first grade
- Extreme difficulty learning cursive
- Extremely poor spelling
- Often cannot remember sight words (i.e. they, were, does)
- Slow, choppy, inaccurate reading – guesses based on shape or content – skips or misreads prepositions (at, to, of) – ignores suffixes – cannot sound out unknown words
- Difficulty telling time on a clock with hands
- Jokes are frustrating because they don’t understand the humor in words.
- Frequently omit beginning sounds (pisgetti for spaghetti or pacific for specific) or changes a sound within a word (aminal for animal or gril for girl)
- Problems in math – memorizing multiplication tables – memorizing a sequence of steps – directionality
- Difficulty in finding the correct word – lots of “whatchamacallit” & “thingies”
- Extremely messy bedroom, backpack, & desk
- Dreads going to school – complains of stomachaches or headaches – frequently asks to stay home from school
All of the other symptoms plus:
- Limited vocabulary
- Extremely poor written expression – large discrepancy between verbal skills and written
- Unable to master a foreign language
- Difficulty in reading printed music
- Poor grades in many classes due to low test scores and missing work.
- May drop out of high school
Education history similar to above plus:
- May have to read a page 2 or 3 times to understand it
- Extremely poor spelling
- Difficulty in putting thoughts onto paper – dreads writing memos or letters
- Difficulty with right versus left continues
- Confusion of north, south, east, and west. Often gets lost, even in a familiar city
- Understanding or reading a map is extremely difficult
- Sometimes confuses b & d, especially when tired or sick
The most well-known Orton-Gillingham based systems
The pure, unchanged, original method. Taught by Eileen Faggiano, Orton Gillingham Associates, in Massachusetts.
- Barton Reading & Spelling System
Designed for one-on-one tutoring of children, teenagers and adults by parents, volunteer tutors, reading or resource specialists or their aides, and professional tutors. The Barton System is the easiest one to learn because all tutor training comes on DVD, along with fully scripted lesson plans. Published by Bright Solutions for Dyslexia in California.
- Evidence Literacy Instruction (EBLI)
Evidence-Based Literacy Instruction (EBLI) is an effective, efficient, revolutionary method of instruction to teach reading. It is a system of research-based literacy skills, concepts, and strategies that teach learners of any age or ability level to read, spell, and write to their highest potential. Michigan based at the Ounce Of Prevention Center.
Designed for classroom settings of young children in the first, second, and third grades. The Slingerland Institute is in Washington.
- Take Flight
(Formally known as Alphabet Phonics) Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children in Texas.
- Wilson Reading System
Wilson Language Training Corporation in Massachusetts.
Sopris West, which was acquired by Cambium Learning Group.
- Project Read
By Enfield and Greene. Published by The Language Circle in Minnesota.
- Recipe for Reading
Published by Educators Publishing Service (EPS)
In this powerful 24-minute video, Shawn Cork, 19, shares his personal journey with dyslexia and how his specialized tutoring with York Educational Services changed his life forever.
Visit www.brightsolutions.us for free videos and in-depth information about dyslexia.